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ISO 18184: Textiles — Determination of antiviral activity of textile products


Purpose and Goals

  • Evaluate and compare the antiviral activity of multiple textiles in laboratory-controlled testing. 


  • This testing will be a modification of ISO 18184. Textile swatches will be inoculated with a liquid viral suspension, incubated at room temperature and ambient relative humidity for a specified contact time, and then recovered into a solution which will be dilution-plated in cell cultures to provide quantifiable viable viral burden data for each swatch tested.
  • Testing will include the viral strains:
    • Influenza A virus (H1N1) ATCC VR-1469
    • Human Coronavirus strain ​OC43​ ATCC VR-​1558 (a betacoronavirus like SARS-CoV-2)
    • Feline calicivirus (FCV) strain F-9 ATCC VR-782 (a surrogate for human norovirus)
  • Testing will include 72 total data points: 
    • 4 materials (3 test textiles and 1 provided/in-house negative control)
      • Note: Please provide at least 5 grams of each material per time-point. 
    • 6 time-points (0, 1 hour, 2 hours, 4 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours)
    • 3 replicate swatches at each test condition
  • Note: Optional GLP services are available for an additional 25% fee.

Data Analysis

  • In-house control results will be used to verify test validity. 
  • Data will be calculated to determine the quantifiable viral burden in plaque- or foci-forming units per disc (PFU/disc or FFU/disc) remaining on each test location.
  • Data will be analyzed to determine the consistency between replicate swatches.
  • Data will be analyzed to determine the percent reductions and log reductions of viral burdens on each/the test material compared to the provided negative control at each test condition. 

Typical Turn Around Time

  • (per strain) 6-8 weeks following receipt of the test materials